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The resurrectionist of Wicca in the 20th century, Gerald Gardner, outlined an Eightfold Path to the Center and Five Essentials concerning magikal craft.
The Eightfold Path illustrates a variety of ways in which magic is performed and states of consciousness reached for psychic ability. The Five Essentials refer to important factors to take into account when performing any magikal rite.
This must not be confused with the Eighfold Path in Buddhism, as the Wiccan version is very different. Gerald Gardner created a solid foundation for Wicca in the 20th century, by using pre-Christian witchcraft, Freemasonry, Golden Dawn, and others to formulate what is known today as Gardenian Witchcraft.
This video takes a look at the Eightfold Path to the Center and the Five Essentials of modern Wiccan spell-craft.